The Societas Rosicruciana in Civitatibus Foederatis (Rosicrucian Society of the United States) S.R.I.C.F., was formed on September 21, 1880, by three Colleges chartered within the previous ten months by the Society in Scotland (S.R.I.S.). It is entirely autonomous and in no way connected with any other institution.
The Society is in amity with the Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia (S.R.I.A.), Societas Rosicruciana in Scotia (S.R.I.S.) and the Societas Rosicruciana in Lusitania (Portugal) S.R.I.L. The S.R.I.C.F. has also helped the cause of Rosicrucianism by empowering High Councils in their own sovereignty around the World.
Membership, which is by invitation, is predicated on Masonic affiliation. The Society is not merely another degree of Freemasonry which may be acquired and it exists outside of the normal “workings” of the Craft.
The Masonic qualification assures the membership that the neophyte has given proof of that fidelity and privacy which characterizes a member of that Fraternity, and it will be noted that a certain community outlook and understanding among the members (called fratres) is necessary.
As with with Freemasonry, Rosicrucianism is concerned with encouraging the fellowship of Man and with comprehending the true nature and purpose of his place in Creation. The spiritual journey of one’s understanding of one’s relationship with the Creator is peculiarly unique and individual. But it need not be lonely. Indeed it may be necessary that one be guided or encouraged by an adept or some other who has traversed and contemplated a similar path.
Historical Formation in the United States
Masons in the United States, learning about the development of Masonic Rosicrucianism in England and Scotland, became interested in organizing a similar body in the United States as early as 1878, as indicated by the granting of a Charter to Dr. Jonathan J. French to organize a College in the state of Illinois. Unfortunately, Dr. French died later that year so the College did not survive. Interest, however, did not wane.
Later in 1878, a group of senior U.S. Masons (Daniel Sutter, and Charles W. Parker) led by Charles E. Meyer (1839-1908) of Pennsylvania, traveled to England and on July 25th, 1878 were initiated into the grade of Zelator at Yorkshire College at Sheffield. Applying for a charter, but getting no response, they turned to Scotland and received a charter from the college in Edinburgh in 1879. A second charter was granted by the SRIS for a college in New York, and Fratres from Philadelphia and New York met in Philadelphia on April 21, 1880 and formed a High Council, then known as the SRRCA or the Societas Rosicrucianae Reipublica Confoedera America.Charles E. Meyer from PA was elected the first Supreme Magus.The name was later changed to the Society of Rosicrucians in the USA by Most Worthy Frater Shryock in his capacity as Supreme Magus. The name was properly Latinized in 1934 by Dr. William Moseley Brown. Brown composed the name (Societas Rosicruciana In Civitatibus Foederatis) and submitted it on January 17th, 1934. The SRICF has operated continuously since its formation in the 19th Century, and is thriving today with an upsurge of young Masons being invited into its ranks with great enthusiasm and demonstrated scholarship.
Organizational Structure of Masonic Rosicrucianism
The governing body of the Society is known as The High Council composed of Fraters of the Third Order (IX° and VIII°), plus any College Celebrant not a member of the Third Order. The head of the Society is titled The Supreme Magus, IX°, elected each triennium. The subordinate bodies are termed “Colleges” each being headed, in the United States, by a Chief Adept, IX°, appointed for life by the Supreme Magus.
Membership in a college has been restricted to 72. New members are required to select a distinctive “Latin Motto”. The Society is not interested primarily in increasing its membership, but is always happy to consider such brethren whose interest in the Society’s aims is sincere and whom it considers to be in sympathy with the movement.
Colleges have the power to confer the following grades:
First Order: Consisting of Four Grades
First Grade Zelator
Second Grade Theoricus
Third Grade Practicus
Fourth Grade Philosophus
These are classified as the Learning Grades.
Second Order: Consisting of Three Grades:
Fifth Grade Adeptus Minor
Sixth Grade Adeptus Major
Seventh Grade Adeptus Exemptus
These are the Teaching Grades.
The jewel of these two orders is a bar with the letters S.R.I.C.F. from which is suspended a green ribbon and jewel.